Women age 19 and older – whether or not they’re pregnant or breastfeeding – should get no more than 3,000 mcg RAE (or 10,000 IU) of preformed vitamin A from supplements, animal sources, and fortified foods each day. For women age 18 and younger, the upper intake limit is 2,800 mcg RAE (9,333 IU).
How much vitamin A is safe during pregnancy?
Because of the teratogenic effects secondary to excessive vitamin A intake, the WHO recommends as safe during pregnancy a maximum dose of up to 10,000 IU daily or 25,000 IU weekly after the first 60 days of gestation [10,12,38].
Can a pregnant woman take vitamin A?
Do not take vitamin A supplements, or any supplements containing vitamin A as too much could harm your baby.
Is 5000 IU of vitamin A safe during pregnancy?
Pregnant women should avoid multivitamin or prenatal supplements that contain more than 1.5 mg/day (5,000 IU) of vitamin A. Vitamin A from beta-carotene is not known to increase the risk of birth defects.
Is 4000 IU of vitamin A safe during pregnancy?
Vitamin A: No more than 4,000 IU (800 ug). Taking too much vitamin A can be dangerous. That’s why many manufacturers have reduced the amount of vitamin A in their vitamin supplements or have replaced it with beta-carotene, a much safer source of the vitamin. Folic acid: At least 400 to 600 mcg.
Why vitamin A is not good for pregnant?
Given that vitamin A is fat soluble, your body stores excess amounts in the liver. This accumulation can have toxic effects on the body and lead to liver damage. It can even cause birth defects. For example, excessive amounts of vitamin A during pregnancy has been shown to cause congenital birth abnormalities.
Why is vitamin A toxic in pregnancy?
It’s also in most fruits and vegetables, mostly in the form of carotenoids. During pregnancy, it’s important not to get too much preformed vitamin A, which can cause birth defects and liver toxicity in high doses. (However, you can get as many carotenoids as you want from fruits and vegetables.)
How much vitamin A is safe?
Levels of up to 10,000 IU (3,000 mcg) have been considered safe. Beyond that, though, vitamin A can build up to cause liver damage and brain swelling; pregnant women who ingest too much run the risk of fetal damage.
Is vitamin A cream safe during pregnancy?
Despite the low risk suggested by these studies, experts still suggest pregnant women avoid applying vitamin A-based formulations to their skin during early pregnancy. On the other hand, if you have used a cosmetic containing a retinol or a similar vitamin A-like compound during pregnancy, there’s no need to panic.
Why is vitamin A important?
Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin that is naturally present in many foods. Vitamin A is important for normal vision, the immune system, and reproduction. Vitamin A also helps the heart, lungs, kidneys, and other organs work properly.
Is 8000 IU of vitamin A safe during pregnancy?
The USRDA (U.S. recommended daily allowance) of 8,000 IU/day during pregnancy has been established by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as a standard for nutrition labeling, including the labeling of nutritional supplements.
How much vitamin A can cause birth defects?
The higher the doses consumed, the greater the risk, the researchers found. Babies born to women who consumed more than 10,000 international units of the vitamin daily were 2.4 times as likely to be born with such defects as babies exposed to 5,000 international units or less.