It plays critical roles in immune, muscle, and nerve function. Deficiency in this mineral during pregnancy may increase the risk of chronic hypertension and premature labor. Some studies suggest that supplementing with magnesium may reduce the risk of complications like fetal growth restriction and preterm birth.
How much magnesium is safe during pregnancy?
During pregnancy, the demand for magnesium increases. 350 mg/day is the recommended dietary intake (RDI) for pregnant women aged 19-30 years. The RDI for pregnant women aged 14-18 years is 400 mg/day and the RDI for pregnancy women aged 31-50 years is 360 mg/day.
Is magnesium OK to take during pregnancy?
Magnesium and calcium work in combination: Magnesium relaxes muscles, while calcium stimulates muscles to contract. Research suggests that getting adequate magnesium during pregnancy can help prevent the uterus from contracting prematurely. Magnesium also helps build strong teeth and bones in your baby.
Can magnesium hurt a fetus?
Administration of magnesium sulfate injection to pregnant women longer than 5-7 days may lead to low calcium levels and bone problems in the developing baby or fetus, including thin bones, called osteopenia, and bone breaks, called fractures.
Why should you avoid magnesium in the last trimester?
Magnesium-containing antacids should be avoided during the last trimester of pregnancy because it could interfere with uterine contractions during labor.
What is magnesium used for in pregnancy?
Magnesium sulfate therapy is used to prevent seizures in women with preeclampsia. It can also help prolong a pregnancy for up to two days. This allows drugs that speed up your baby’s lung development to be administered.
Does magnesium help with pregnancy cramps?
Limited research suggests that taking a magnesium supplement might help prevent leg cramps during pregnancy. Make sure you have your health care provider’s OK to take a supplement. You might also consider eating more magnesium-rich foods, such as whole grains, beans, dried fruits, nuts and seeds. Stay hydrated.
What type of magnesium is best during pregnancy?
Another is Mg citrate, which is better absorbed then the oxide salt (4). The best bioavailability comes from the chelated form of Mg such as Magnesium aspartate or bisglycinate.
Does magnesium cause miscarriage?
Magnesium: Low magnesium is associated with increased risk of miscarriage; one study showed 100% of infertile women who normalized their magnesium and selenium levels went on to produce children. Low magnesium may also be associated with birth defects. Multivitamins: lowered the risk of miscarriage by 57% in one study.
Is too much magnesium bad for pregnancy?
Healthy adult women should consume 310 to 320 mg daily. Pregnant women are recommended to consume a higher dose than women who aren’t pregnant. If you take supplemental magnesium, the most an adult should ingest is 350 mg daily.
Does magnesium cross the placenta?
Magnesium sulfate readily crosses the placenta and may produce hypotonia and hypotension; fetal serum concentrations approximate those of the mother.
Is it OK to take magnesium in third trimester?
Deficiency in this mineral during pregnancy may increase the risk of chronic hypertension and premature labor. Some studies suggest that supplementing with magnesium may reduce the risk of complications like fetal growth restriction and preterm birth.
Does magnesium affect labor?
Conclusion: Continuing oral magnesium supplementation until delivery does not significantly prolong labor or increase the oxytocin requirement, but it significantly impairs breastfeeding competence.