Cyanotic breath-holding spells happen when a child stops breathing and turns blue in the face. These spells are often triggered by something that upsets the child, like being disciplined. While crying, the child exhales (breathes out) and then doesn’t take another breath in for a while.
What to do when baby stops breathing while crying?
What to do when a child has a breath-holding episode
- stay calm – it should pass in less than 1 minute.
- lie the child on their side – do not pick them up.
- stay with them until the episode ends.
- make sure they cannot hit their head, arms or legs on anything.
- reassure them and ensure they get plenty of rest afterwards.
What causes breath holding spells?
The cause of breath holding is not known. Breath holding is usually involuntary, and is caused by a slowing of the heart rate or changes in your child’s usual breathing patterns. Sometimes breath-holding spells are brought on by strong emotions such as anger, fear, pain or frustration.
What do you do when a child stops breathing?
Learn first aid for a child who is unresponsive and not breathing
- Check for breathing by tilting their head back and looking and feeling for breaths. …
- Tell someone to call 999. …
- Give five rescue breaths: tilt their head back, seal your mouth over their mouth and pinch their nose.
Can breath holding spells cause seizures?
No. Children with breath-holding spells do not have epilepsy. As breath-holding spells may look like epileptic seizures, the 2 are often confused. Breath-holding spells happen after your child has been frustrated, startled or hurt.
What happens if you stop breathing for 1 minute?
For most people, it’s safe to hold your breath for a minute or two. Doing so for too much longer can decrease oxygen flow to the brain, causing fainting, seizures and brain damage. In the heart, a lack of oxygen can cause abnormalities of rhythm and affect the pumping action of the heart.
Why does my baby stop breathing for a few seconds?
Apnea is a condition in which a baby periodically stops breathing for more than 15 to 20 seconds. Premature infants, particularly those born more than seven weeks early, may suffer from apnea from time to time. While in the womb, babies receive oxygen from the mother’s placenta.
How do you treat breath holding spells?
Most of the time, you don’t need to do anything during a breath-holding spell. Your child should stay lying down until the spell is over. If your child passes out for a brief time, stay calm and: check your child’s mouth for food or any object that could pose a choking hazard once your child regains consciousness.
What does a breath holding spell look like?
Often, a breath-holding attack starts with crying in reaction to pain, fear, or anger. If your child has a cyanotic spell, they’re probably upset or frustrated about something. May be they got into trouble or wants something they can’t have. They’ll cry, exhale very hard, but not breathe in again.
Can adults have breath holding spells?
Individuals demonstrating breath-holding episodes may experience cyanosis and, in some cases, death resulting from complications related to loss of consciousness (Paulson, 1963). To date, no prevalence information is available concerning the occurrence of breath-holding spells in adults.
What is the course of action if a child is unconscious but breathing?
If the child is breathing – and you don’t think there is any chance of a spinal injury – carefully roll the child toward you onto the side. Bend the top leg so both hip and knee are at right angles. Gently tilt the head back to keep the airway open. This is called the recovery position.
When would you call an ambulance if you are by yourself and a child is not breathing?
If they are unresponsive and not breathing, you need to call 999/112 for emergency help and start CPR straight away. Ask a helper to find and bring a defibrillator (AED). If they are responsive and breathing move on to circulation.
How do you know if your child is having difficulty breathing?
Breathing problems to look out for in children
- Severe breathing difficulties.
- Grunting with the effort of trying to breathe.
- The muscles under their ribs are sucking in with each breath.
- Fast breathing.
- Your child won’t wake up, or won’t stay awake.
- Breathing stops for more than 20 seconds.
- Regular shorter pauses in their breathing while they are awake.
How common are breath holding spells?
Up to 5% of children experience breath-holding spells. They can occur as early as 6 months and may continue until a child is 6 years old. The peak age for breath-holding spell is 2 years. Breath-holding spells are a reflex, that is the body’s automatic response to distress.
How do I know if I have Pseudoseizure?
Symptoms of a pseudoseizure may include:
- involuntary muscle stiffening, convulsing, and jerking.
- loss of attention.
- loss of consciousness.
- falling down.
- staring blankly.
- lack of awareness of surroundings.
Are breath holding spells hereditary?
Breath-holding spells are more common in children with: Genetic conditions, such as Riley-Day syndrome or Rett syndrome. Iron deficiency anemia. A family history of breath-holding spells (parents may have had similar spells when they were children)