What does it mean when a baby has enlarged kidneys?

The kidneys may be missing or in a wrong position. A blockage of the outflow of urine or reverse flow of urine already in the bladder (called reflux) can cause the renal pelvis to become enlarged. This is usually called hydronephrosis.

What causes a baby to have enlarged kidneys?

What causes hydronephrosis in children? Hydronephrosis can be caused by blockage at some part of the urinary tract or by reflux of urine (abnormal backflow of urine from the bladder). It can also be due to the abnormal development or formation of the kidney in the absence of obstruction or reflux.

Is kidney dilation a sign of Down syndrome?

These conditions often go away on their own, but sometimes follow-up is needed after delivery. Less often, a dilated renal pelvis is an early sign of a more serious problem with the bladder, kidney, or ureter. Down syndrome: Some studies raised concerns about a small risk for Down syndrome with this ultrasound finding.

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What does an enlarged kidney indicate?

Hydronephrosis is a condition that typically occurs when a kidney swells due to urine failing to properly drain from the kidney to the bladder. This swelling most commonly affects only one kidney, but it can involve both kidneys. Hydronephrosis isn’t a primary disease.

Can hydronephrosis be cured in babies?

Treatment often depends on the underlying cause. Although surgery is sometimes needed, in many cases hydronephrosis resolves on its own as a child grows, and surgery is not necessary. Essentially, hydronephrosis can be boiled down to a problem of urine flow.

How common is enlarged kidney fetus?

1) A prenatal ultrasound (ultrasound during pregnancy) may reveal a fetus with dilated kidneys. This occurs in 1 per 100 pregnancies.

What causes kidney problems in newborn babies?

Urine blockage and reflux

A blockage in the urinary system can happen in children, or even in babies still developing in the womb. This can cause bladder, kidney, and lung problems. The doctor can use test called an ultrasound to see blockages in the system.

What are signs of Down syndrome during pregnancy?

At birth, babies with Down syndrome usually have certain characteristic signs, including:

  • flat facial features.
  • small head and ears.
  • short neck.
  • bulging tongue.
  • eyes that slant upward.
  • atypically shaped ears.
  • poor muscle tone.

Can you tell if baby has Down syndrome in ultrasound?

An ultrasound can detect fluid at the back of a fetus’s neck, which sometimes indicates Down syndrome. The ultrasound test is called measurement of nuchal translucency.

Do Down syndrome babies measure big or small?

Babies born with Down syndrome are no larger, or smaller, than any other child. The size of a baby with Down syndrome is not any different than any other child. There are other factors that determine if a newborn has Down syndrome.

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Is an enlarged kidney serious?

Hydronephrosis is not a disease, but it can be caused by a number of conditions which affect the kidney and the urinary tract. If left untreated, the pressure of the built-up urine which normally flows easily through the urinary tract may cause pain, swelling and permanent damage to the kidneys.

How do you treat an enlarged kidney?

Treatment may include:

  1. Placing a stent (tube) through the bladder and ureter to allow urine to flow from the kidney into the bladder.
  2. Placing a tube into the kidney through the skin, to allow the blocked urine to drain out of the body into a drainage bag.
  3. Antibiotics for infections.

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What are the signs that something is wrong with your kidneys?

What are signs that something is wrong with my kidneys?

  • A change in how much you urinate.
  • Pee that is foamy, bloody, discolored, or brown.
  • Pain while you pee.
  • Swelling in your arms, wrists, legs, ankles, around your eyes, face, or abdomen.
  • Restless legs during sleep.
  • Joint or bone pain.
  • Pain in the mid-back where kidneys are located.
  • You’re tired all the time.

Is hydronephrosis a birth defect?

Birth defects in the urinary tract may cause hydronephrosis. Even when birth defects are the cause, hydronephrosis may be mild and may improve as the child gets older. However, birth defects may also cause hydronephrosis that is severe or gets worse over time.

What is the best treatment for hydronephrosis?

Most people with hydronephrosis will have a procedure called catheterisation to drain the urine from their kidneys. Depending on the underlying cause, medication or surgery may be needed afterwards to correct the problem.

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Can severe hydronephrosis correct itself?

Hydronephrosis is usually treated by addressing the underlying disease or cause, such as a kidney stone or infection. Some cases can be resolved without surgery. Infections can be treated with antibiotics. A kidney stone can pass through by itself or might be severe enough to require removal with surgery.

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